In Ayurveda, the diseased person is not supposed to be a passive victim of some disease causing agents like bacteria, virus, fungus, dietary & lifestyle regimen etc but the person is responsible for one’s health status.
There are thousands of people living in locality or in a particular environment, a particular infective agent present in that particular area affecting all the people living there but some of them only get infected; not all. Among those infected also not equally affected which should be according to western concept medicine. Some persons caught infection in their lungs, some skin, some GIT, some UTI that too not equal virulence. Why so, in modern view, the different in resistance power but it cannot explain all the aspect. Secondly in a particular locality with the seasonal variations some particular types of infections get manifested but not through-out the year, which should be. Some interesting queries are as
1. why some persons get infected, not all
2. among infected why not the same system with equal virulence,
3. why not all the infected people get equal response from some antibiotic,
4. why some antibiotic, in same types of infection, in same person, get resistance to same antibiotic. One antibiotic control one type of infection in one person not in all and also gets resistance to that infective organism.
All these answers are not available in modern pharmacology or medicine. But in Ayurveda concept of status of diseased health/ disease these all can be answered.
Imbalance of doshas, not proper functioning of Agni, lose of integrity in structure and functions of Dhatus, not proper excretion of malas, unsoundness of senses, mind and soul. In short imbalance of doshas is disease.
The general symptoms of doshas are as follows
When aggravated creates – spasmodic, piercing, striking, beating- pain, numbness, depression, fainting, break down, constipation, roughness and cracking of skin, cracking/ contraction of joints, retention of waste materials, excitability, thirst, trembling, dehydration, stiffness of body / body parts, astringent taste in mouth, dark or reddish brown discoloration.
Vata decreases in quantum causes lassitude of limbs, deficiency of speech and enthusiasm, confusion, increase in production of toxins inside the body.
When aggravated causes burning sensation, redness, boils, sweating, necrosis, pus formation, burning pain, bleeding, pungent and sour taste in mouth and all discolorations but white / brown.
Pitta decreases cause low digestive capacity, lack of luster, coldness and low energy level.
When aggravated creates phlegm, hardness of tissues, itching, congestion, heaviness, obesity, edema, cold, sensation, indigestion, excessive sleeping, sweat, salty taste in mouth, white color.
Kapha decreases cause palpitations, loosening of joints, depression etc.
The balance and imbalance state of these basic elements in human being is diagnosed / studied by knowing the functions/ signs/ symptoms of activities of representative of these basic elements present in the form of Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
These three categories of doshas are building block of bodily elements right from the birth of child. The concentration of these three doshas in gametes at time of fertilization form a particular biological traits & effects can be seen in the form developed phenotypes & physiological variations within the normal individuals, accordingly carryout the life of that person which reflect the basic constitution or Prakriti of that person & is one of the major factor in deciding the present and future health status of that person and deciding the life- style-dietary regimen & treatment modalities.
A person with Kapha Prakriti means more than 60% of the organs / body parts are developed with high concentration of Kapha element. Because Kapha reflects the strength i.e. physical, mental- resistance power, and opposite gunas of Vata & Pitta, so Vata and Pitta doshas have less affects or less disorders due to Vata and Pitta but more Kapha categories diseases if taken the food and adopted life style which increase Kapha.
The analysis of quantum of doshas is done based on the findings related to following clinical diagnostic tools
1. Pulse analysis
2. Virulence of signs and symptoms
3. Type of life style adopted
4. Food habits
5. Prakriti diagnosis[Genetic make up]
6. Bala [Digestive & Metabolic capacity, physical & mental strength]
7. Vyadhiksmatva bala [Immune status]
8. Desha [ Geographical condition ]
9. Kala [ Seasonal variations]
10. Age of the person