The term geriatrics is derived Greek word, Geri – old age and iatric – care. It is the branch of medicine concerned with the care and treatment of elderly. The word geriatric has also a close link with the Sanskrit word ‘Geeryadi’ which means degenerated.
With the emergence of various vaccines & anti-microbial many infectious diseases are eradicated, some are on verge of eradication, others can be managed successfully& post surgical care become easy now, but from the last quarter of 20th AD; due increase in average lifespan,modern times work nature, food regimens,quality of environmental geriatric problems are on the rise. A lot of research work going on to understand the mechanics of disease in geriatric medicine all over the world; but with partial/no success.
In Ayurveda biological ageing process[ Vaya] is an important parameter in diagnosis ,study and in selecting the line of treatments .On this matrix life span of humans are classified in three stages balyavastha,yuvavastha and vriddhavastha and physiological activity patterns are governed by Kapha,Pitta,and Vata respectively. This is the age group where catabolic, degenerative phenomenons get accelerated due to dominate of vata dosha. In ancient times especially in India the dietary contents were used which are opposite to vata to check the wear n tear activities of vata and the burden of geriatric disorders were very less in India.
The decline in physiological reserve in organs makes the elderly develop some kinds of diseases and have more complications from mild problems (such as dehydration from a mild gastroenteritis). Multiple problems like BPH, Osteo-arthritis, eye disorders, Osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, strokes, dementia, and Menopausal disorders may get manifested.
The disorders can be treated with the help of Ayurveda based personalized herbal medicines without any side effects. Most of them can be prevented with modifications in dietary habits, life style and Ayurveda based herbal food supplements as just use of Ghee specially cow ghee can prevent a no of diseases related to nervous system.
Dr. Ramniwas Prasher has treated about 7800 patients of various geriatric disorders.